Sinusitis or sinus infection seems to be a part of many lives but when you see the numbers you will be shocked! Almost 31 million people in America alone suffer from sinusitis so one can imagine what the numbers will be world-wide. There is so much money being spent on over-the-counter medication for this condition. In certain cases when these medications don’t seem to alleviate the sinus infection the doctors or more specifically otolaryngologists advise for proper diagnosis procedure followed up with treatment methods. If you are having repetitive episodes of acute sinusitis conditions then you definitely need to know about these methods.
The diagnosis usually starts with examination of the sinus openings by sending a long and thin tube having a light and camera at its tip through your nose. Though not very painful, for you to be comfortable an anesthetic nasal spray can be applied. The other way is to analyze the mucus samples which helps understand whether the causal agent is virus, bacteria or fungus. A CT scan can help understand the extent of the problem and a consultation with a specialist in immunology and allergy can help understand to what extent factors such as allergy, anatomical deviations or immune system influence your prevailing condition. Based on the diagnosis results of some or all of the above, as the case may be, appropriate medications or corrective methods are advised to you.
When is Sinusitis surgery done?
When the medications fail then as the last option the otolaryngologist will suggest surgery and this is mostly the case when sinusitis is caused by a structural defect in the bone that separates the passages in the nose. The otolaryngologist performs this corrective surgery to ensure the defect is removed resulting in unrestricted outflow of mucus. If nasal polyps or unwanted growth inside the nose are the cause of sinusitis, then these too can be removed through surgery. Either case it’s a short procedure where you are anesthetized for surgery and discharged in a day’s time.
What are Sinusitis complications?
Though many people suffer from sinus infections things can take a bad turn leading to complication when the condition worsens. Breathlessness can cause asthma patients to suddenly get asthma attacks. In chronic cases the infection spreads to the eye socket, causing blurring of vision and in worst cases blindness too. Another highly complicated condition is when the infection spreads to the fluid as well as membranes lining the areas around the brain and spine. This causes meningitis. Some cases blood circulation through the veins surrounding the sinuses is restricted and forms blood clots that eventually stop supply to the brain. This essentially means that the patient is at a high risk of getting a stroke that can be life-threatening.